News.com reports that China is building the largest and most sophisticated people-tracking network in the world, all to track citizens in the city of Shenzhen. This network utilizes 20,000 intelligent digital cameras and RFID cards to keep track of the 12.4 million people living in the Southern port city. The key to the system is the new residency cards fitted with powerful computer chips. "Data on the chip will include not just the citizen"s name and address but also work history, educational background, religion, ethnicity, police record, medical insurance status and landlord"s phone number. Even personal reproductive history will be included, for enforcement of China"s controversial "one child" policy. Plans are being studied to add credit histories, subway travel payments and small purchases charged to the card." While I lived in Shenzhen, there indeed were (and still are) plenty of crimes. One of my friend who lived at the 20th floor of a condo building in a nice neighborhood saw an intruder in the middle of one night while he was sleeping. Still, this will clearly raise the fear of human rights abuses. And ... " one of the most startling aspects of this plan is that this project is mostly made possible by an American company with solid venture fundings.